Cross-Border Assessment of Impact on Environment as an Institute of International Ecological Law

Journal Issue:

Author Information: 

Doctor of Philosophy (Law), Associate Professor of the Department of Criminal Law and Process at the Institute of Law of the Tambov State University of G.R. Derzhavin.

Abstract: 

In the present article Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context of 1991 is analyzed, as well as transboundary EIA is distinguished from conventional EIA. It is concluded that the main advantage of transboundary EIA are: Identification of alternatives to the project and compensatory measures that reduce impact of project on the environment, identification of key environmental issues of the project and awareness of the environmental impact during project realization, improvement of project plan and raise of standards of potential damage mitigation, environmental protection, including environmentally sensitive areas elimination through repositioning or upgrading project possibilities of considering adaptation to climate change. Decisive importance of public participation in the decision-making in relation to the transboundary EIA is emphasized. On the concrete practical examples it is proven that the share of spending on transboundary EIA significantly decreases in cost as the cost of the main project increases, and that overall transboundary EIA financing is not costly compared to those positive effects, which its implementation leads to.

Keywords: 

EIA procedure, cross-border influence, public participation, expense, sustainable development, cross-border, stages, environmental protection.

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