Concept of property social function

Journal Issue:

Author Information: 

Doctor of Law, Professor, Deputy First Vice Rector for Educational and Methodical Work & Head of the Department of Civil Law of the Finance University under the Government of the Russian Federation.

Abstract: 

In the above article the idea that ideal design of property rights has to be based on the principle of justice and consist of owner's right of property ownership depending on their public status, without restraining rights of socially not protected sectors of society is presented. In Russia the idea of inviolability of property was reflected for the first time in the Code of laws of Russian Empire in which freedom of person to dominate over a thing was proclaimed and enshrined. Also ban "to interfere" in this right for the third parties was established. Author in detail reflect the idea that it is possible to refer emergence of the right of property inviolability as a legal category. Despite the importance of constitutional act given at the above characteristic, it is necessary to consider that Constitution of Russian Federation doesn't contain essentially new approaches to the private property rights which for a long time in majority of countries "is sacred and inviolable" in full, and not just in cases of its deprivation.

Keywords: 

property rights, idea of inviolability of property, freedom of discretion, unreasonable claims, justice, integrity, Russia, Russian Federation.

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