Norms on Official (Service) Crimes in the Criminal Code of the RSFSR (Year 1922): Technique of Basic and Differentiating Signs Constructing

Journal Issue:

Author Information: 
  •  
  • Alexander S. Gribov - Doctor of Philosophy (Law), Deputy Governor of the Yaroslavl Region;
  • Mikhail N. Kaplin - Doctor of Philosophy (Law), Associate Professor of the Department of Criminal Law and Criminology at the Yaroslavl State University of P.G. Demidov
Abstract: 

Given the importance of the Soviet period of our state of course it is important to study the experience of legislation and established in the Soviet era law enforcement. In the Soviet times special attention was given to the criminal. In current article authors consider in detail bases for the techniques of designing and differentiating features of law on official (service) crimes in the Criminal Code of the RSFSR of 1922. Studying the structure of the offense, authors identify obvious advantages of legal norms (primarily lack of casuistry), study features of sanctions for the offense, and as well carry out analysis of perpetrator. However, as a result of the comprehensive study, authors highlight a number of shortcomings. Authors identified several weaknesses in the definition of an official person as the subject of the crime. Authors argue that it could not affect the legal practice during the period under review. In conclusion, authors justify that the Criminal Code of the RSFSR of 1922 contained several compositions of power’s abuse concentrated in three separate articles, criminal liability which differentiated both the subjective and the objective criteria.

Keywords: 

power excess, malfeasances, crime structure, subject of a crime, official aggravating circumstances, Criminal Code of RSFSR of 1922, Russia, USSR.

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