Historical And Legal Prerequisites Of The Cooperation Development In The Initial Stage Of New Economic Policy (1921-1925)

Journal Issue:

Author Information: 

Candidate for the Ph.D. (Law) at the Department of Theory and History of State and Law of the International Legal Institute

Abstract: 

In the article the legal nature of new economic policy is analyzed. Author investigated regulations of the New Economic Policy period which created prerequisites for the development of various forms of cooperation. The value of cooperative development for the realization of the new economic policy principles is shown. It is shown that cooperative legislation showed a close interrelation of the law and economy. A valid conclusion that the adopted regulations directed on the formation of the legal system of the young Soviet state were determined by the economic factors and their dynamics, but taken into the account a political situation. Refusal of the extraordinary legislation of the period of "military communism" allowed pursuing a more flexible policy, both in economy and in another spheres. In addition, denial of the emergency measures allowed to organize transition to the peaceful life, the work on the development of law as a regulator of the public relations was started. The important role in the new conditions is assigned to the cooperation development as a favorable development form of the collective property, establishment of the strong economic contacts with the peasantry. In many respects role of the cooperation in new conditions was defined by the already created network of cooperative societies and also the nature of cooperation as a forms of citizen’s voluntary association.

Keywords: 

law, decree, cooperation, new economic policy, consumer societies, producer cooperation, peasantry.

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