Theoretical Legal Definition Of The Functional Constitutionalism In The Domestic Law

Journal Issue:

Author Information: 

Doctor of Philosophy (Law), Associate Professor of the Department of International Law at the Russian Pedagogical University of A.I. Herzen

Abstract: 

In the present article an attempt to research variability of the constitutionalism in the modern domestic legal science category consideration is made. Constitutionalism is analyzed as a universal legal category. Author notes that in modern law there is no conventional definition of constitutionalism, what gives a chance to divide all approaches to its definition into three groups: as rights understanding (philosophical and legal definition of constitutionalism); the historical and regional geographic; from the realization (application) of constitutionalism point of view. The last classification allows to define constitutionalism as functional. Within this group in the domestic legal science a real (valid, original, judicial), fragmentary, imaginary (fictitious, defective) and nominal constitutionalism is allocated. Author draws a conclusion that the real or actual constitution can exist, but real constitutionalism - not. Due to the fact that constitutionalism is a multicomponent category and if at least one of the category elements either poorly expressed, or absent, it is impossible to speak about its reality. Therefore, in the majority of the states, there is a defective, fragmentary or imitating constitutionalism. One more modern trend of constitutionalism characteristic is that in the conditions of the globalized world, constitutionalism gradually loses national roots.

Keywords: 

constitutionalism, constitution, state, understanding of law, functional constitutionalism, legislation, classification.

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