Prosecutor's Office Role In The Process Of Ensuring Balance Between Private And Public Interests In The Conditions Of The Economic Activity Freedom

Journal Issue:

Author Information: 
  •  
  • Nadezhda D. But - Doctor of Laws, Head of the Department of Problems of Public Prosecutor's Supervision and Strengthening of Legality in the Sphere of Economy of the Scientific Research Institute of the Academy of the Prosecutor General's Office of the Russian Federation;
  • Stanislav V. Bazhanov - Doctor of Laws, Senior Researcher of the Department of Problems of Public Prosecutor's Supervision and Strengthening of Legality in the Sphere of Economy of the Scientific Research Institute of the Academy of the Prosecutor General's Office of the Russian Federation
Abstract: 

Present article is devoted to the problem of prosecutor participation in the process of ensuring the balance of private and public interests during the supervision over laws on free economic activity execution. Authors noted the existence of need for the formation of the registers of subjects of small and medium business which aren't created so far. According to the authors, for more effective control over the balance of private and public interests the anti-corruption legislation of the Russian Federation, including the Federal Law of July 26, 2006 No. 135-FZ "On the competition protection" should be brought into accord with the international precepts of law and standards. Authors pay special attention to the questions of supervision, including reasons for the fact that during the supervision over the performance of laws in the conditions of the economic activity freedom in sight of prosecutors should be not dispositive, but imperative (regulatory and guarding) legal norms. In the sphere of the prosecutor's law-enforcement activity in the conditions of economic activity freedom it is expedient to allocate such activity of prosecutors into the independent supervising subsector as it covers not only economic, but also other spheres of public life (state construction, social questions and many other). In the course of research authors analyze various regulations, opinions of scientists and practice of law application. In the conclusion authors explains opinion that questions listed in the present article need more accurate legislative regulation and realization in the law-enforcement practice.

Keywords: 

prosecutor, freedom of the economic activity, balance of interests, private interest, public interest, federal register, regional register, state control, supervision.

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