Dynamics Of Social Legislation In Russian Empire In The Beginnings Of XX Century

Journal Issue:

Author Information: 

Assistant Professor At The Oryol Law Institute Of V. V. Lukyanov Of The Ministry Of Internal Affairs Of The Russian Federation


In the present article regulations adopted in the Russian Empire at the beginning of the XX century and defining direction of social legislation development are considered. Norms that regulated state contempt of the lower ranks and members of their families in Russia, and also laws on social insurance are considered. There was no complete system of state social contempt in the Russian Empire. Help to needed was usually provided by numerous non-state charitable structures and societies, thus many of them were under patronage of the imperial family members. This help was provided, first - selectively, second - its size usually was very small. In general, specifics of the legislative ensuring of social support were defined by the features of development of entire legal system of the Russian Empire during this period, including, dynamics of normative legal acts adoption. Author draws a conclusion about preservation of the class character in the organization of the state contempt in the Russian Empire. In 1912 in the Russian Empire acts that directed creation of the system of social insurance for social protection of persons, victims of injuries and mutilations at the factory enterprises, and members of their family’s were adopted. Adoption of the acts regulating social insurance can be considered as a positive step in development of the social orientated legislation. But these acts were far from perfect, and first of all because their action extended on smaller part of the country's working population. According to the author, adoption of the legislation on social insurance became a basic step on the way of modern forms of the organization of the social help creation.


contempt, lower ranks, charity, pensions, statutory act, military personnel, social insurance, workers, law, Russia, Empire, Russian Empire.


[1] Dorskaya A.A. Osobennosti razvitiya sistemy prava Rossii: problema periodizacii (prodolzhenie) // Vestnik Moskovskogo gorodskogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta. Seriya: Yuridicheskie nauki. 2011. № 2.
[2] Komarov N.I., Pashencev D.A., Pashenceva S.V. Ocherki istorii prava Rossijskoj imperii (vtoraya polovina XIX – nachalo XX veka). M.: Statut, 2006.
[3] Pashencev D.A. Rol chastnogo prava v formirovanii institutov grazhdanskogo obshhestva // Vestnik Akademii prava i upravleniya. 2014. № 36.
[4] Pashencev D.A. Metodologicheskie problemy sovremennoj istoriko-pravovoj nauki // Pravo i obrazovanie. 2013. № 1.
[5] Pashenceva S.V. Pravovoe regulirovanie blagotvoritelnoj deyatelnosti v Rossijskoj imperii // Gosudarstvo i pravo. 2006. № 12.
[6] Rogacheva L.I. Obshhestvennye organizacii i grazhdanskoe obshhestvo // Vlast. 2010. № 4.
[7] Fomina T.I. Zakonodatelnye akty Rossijskoj imperii v oblasti socialnoj raboty (1910-1914). M., 1999.