Specific Characteristics Of The Justice Of The Peace Institute In The Russian Federation

Journal Issue:

Author Information: 

Head of the Department of Civil Law and Process at the FF GAOU VPO "SOUTHERN FEDERAL UNIVERSITY" in Uchkeken Karachayevo – Circassian Republic

Abstract: 

In the present article author makes an attempt to identify specific features that allows to determine the place of the specific court in the judicial system of the Russian Federation. Criteria of the justice of the peace Institute that facilitate implementation of judicial federalism principles are disclosed. Tasks of the magistrates court in the light of relations between the Russian Federation and its subjects improving, as well as judiciary bodies and local communities are defined. Institute of the justice of the peace is able to resolve the following tasks: move court to the residence of citizens; reduce the burden on the federal judicial system; simplify the procedure for initiating court proceedings; accelerate conflict resolution; enhance credibility of the judiciary body by election of the justices of the peace; increase pre-trial dispute resolution through use of conciliation procedures and others. By analyzing formation and development problems of the modern model of judicial system of the Russian Federation, constitutional foundations of the magistrates courts and their place in the system of judicial powers of the Russian Federation, author notes that: 1. Formulization of the conceptual foundations of law-enforcement politics is not possible without judicial bodies, because the court was and still is a body which embodies the judicial authority. 2. One of the factors that govern development of the judicial authority in the federal state is the need for search of the optimum ratio of federal center and the subjects of the Federation powers in the field of judicial authority. 3. Revival of the magistrate’s courts as an independent socio-legal institution in modern Russia is caused by the following main objective reasons related to the process of reformation and modernization in all spheres of public life. 4. The role of magistrate’s courts in the judicial system involves, first of all, reduction of the so-called "load" on the federal judicial system; in the law-enforcement - the maximum coordination of intercommunion of all organs, agencies, institutions conducting law-enforcement activity.

Keywords: 

judicial reform, magistrate, justice of the peace, judicial system, courts, signs, judicial federalism, availability of justice, pre-judicial settlement of disputes, competence, Russia, Russian Federation.

REFERENCES: 

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