Start Of The French Constitutionalism: Constitution Of 1791

Journal Issue:

Author Information: 

Doctor of Philosophy (Law), Associate Professor of the Department of International Law at the Russian Pedagogical University of A.I. Herzen

Abstract: 

In the present article author analyzes questions of French constitutionalism origin. Author notes that in France, over the past two centuries, a state of law, which is based on the principles of popular sovereignty has been formed; observance of human rights and freedoms by the state; parliamentary democracy; supremacy of constitution in relation to all other laws and regulations; separation of powers and institute of authorities responsibility as an organizational framework for the legal state; independence of the judiciary; compliance with commitments taken by the State during international relations. These principles were laid down in the constitutional history of the country. In the present article an attempt to explore the beginning of the French constitutionalism through the prism of the Constitution of 1791 was made. Author makes concludes that in the Constitution of 1791 the fundamental principles of constitutional law were laid, some of which are reflected in the Constitution of the Fifth Republic in France and continue to operate. Constitution of the Fifth Republic proclaimed commitment to "human rights and principles of national sovereignty as defined by the Declaration of 1789, confirmed and complemented by the Preamble to the Constitution of 1946, and despite many disputes, Constitutional Council reaffirmed inviolability of the equality before the law principle, which exists in the Declaration.

Keywords: 

constitutionalism, constitution, declaration, human and civil rights, States-General, Constituent Assembly, France.

REFERENCES: 

[1] Bochkarev S.V. Vliyanie ideologii francuzskogo prosveshheniya na formirovanie konstitucionalizma // Pravovaya iniciativa. 2014. No. 1.
[2] Bochkarev S.V., Bochkareva T.N. Vliyanie mezhdunarodnogo prava na Konstitucii Francii i FRG // Vliyanie norm mezhdunarodnogo prava na zakonodatelnyj process v Rossii i zarubezhnyx stranax. Kollektivnaya monografiya / Pod red. A.A. Dorskoj. SPb., 2014.
[3] Volkova S.V., Gluxareva L.I., Dolgopolova T.A., Dorskaya A.A., Malysheva N.I., Orlova I.A., Chestnov I.L. Ideya mezhdunarodnogo prava v istorii politicheskix i pravovyx uchenij. Monografiya / Otv. red. A.A. Dorskaya. SPb., 2011.
[4] Dokumenty istorii Velikoj francuzskoj revolyucii. T. 1. M., 1990.
[5] Dorskij A.Yu. Cennosti publichnoj sfery: masony i revolyuciya // Obshhestvo. Sreda. Razvitie. 2010. No. 4.
[6] Dorskij A.Yu. Cennosti publichnoj sfery: filosofiya nakanune Velikoj revolyucii // Obshhestvo. Sreda. Razvitie. 2010. No. 3.
[7] Dyugi L. Konstitucionnoe pravo. Obshhaya teoriya gosudarstva. M., 2014.
[8] Zhakke Zh.-P. Konstitucionnoe pravo i politicheskie instituty. M., 2002.
[9] Novgorodcev P.I. Vvedenie v filosofiyu prava. Krizis sovremennogo pravosoznaniya. SPb., 2000.
[10] Pashencev D.A. Istoriya gosudarstva i prava zarubezhnyx stran. M., 2010.
[11] Prelo M. Konstitucionnoe pravo Francii. M., 1957.
[12] Revunenkov V.G. Ocherki po istorii Velikoj francuzskoj revolyucii. L., 1982.
[13] Morabito M. Histoire constitutionnelle de la France de 1789 à nos jours. Paris, 2012.
[14] Morange J. La Déclaration des Droits de l’Homme et du Citoyen. Paris, 1988.