State Regulation Of Licensing In The Sphere Of Production Of Peat In Russian Federation

Journal Issue:

Author Information: 

Doctor of Philosophy (Law); Doctor of Philosophy (History); Research Associate Professor at the Department of Land and Ecological Law at the Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia

Abstract: 

In the article features of legal regulation of production and state licensing of peat in the modern legislation and laws of the Russian Federation are analyzed. Particular attention is paid to the understanding of peat as a mineral that is important for the country's energy. The process of securing right of the peat use in the modern Russian law is analyzed. The question of the relationship of legislation on the subsoil and water legislation is researched, as well as issues of the Law of the Russian Federation "On Subsoil" and the Water Code of the Russian Federation are correlated. In addition the term "swamp", as the object of peat occurrence is considered. In the broader concept of the "wetland" exists in the Ramsar Convention of the 1971. The order of occurrence, termination, as well as the content of a license for the peat use is analyzed. The license is considered as a special governmental approval, including the prescribed form of the document with the State Emblem of the Russian Federation, as well as text, graphics and other supplements that are an integral part of the license and the fundamental conditions for the subsoil use. Rights and obligations of peat users in Russia are analyzed. Importance of the legal regulation of peat extraction as a common mineral in the Russian law understanding is highlighted.

Keywords: 

state regulation, licensing, peat, all-widespread mineral, water object, bog, subsoil, power, Russia, Russian Federation.

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