Features Of Civil Cases Consideration In The Magistrates Courts In The Russian Empire

Journal Issue:

Author Information: 

Doctor of Philosophy (Law), Associate Professor of the Department of Civil Law and Process at the Russian State Social University Branch in Dedovsk

Abstract: 

In this article the historical and legal experience related to the activities of magistrates' courts in the Russian Empire. Author analyzed features of civil cases in magistrates' courts. Problems of global justice of the peace development are connected with the formation of the civil society prerequisites, development of public relations. Nature of the magistrate court activity was determined by that it was a lowest judicial instance and in this instance considered the least significant cases, including civil-law claims with small amounts. Passage of civil case in magistrate's court (first instance) can be divided into several stages: initiation of proceedings; preparing case for trial; trial; decision and announcement of the decision; revocable production; decision execution. In the trial stage several stages can be allocated: preparatory part, consideration of merits, parties concluding arguments. Among the important features of proceedings in the magistrates' court should be pointed out the fact that the Charter of Civil Procedure prescribed a detailed written statement of each decision of the judges with a detailed description of all circumstances, including verbal requests and complaints, as well as testimony. As a result, a significant portion of time was taken from the judge by the written work. In the article it is concluded that consideration of civil cases by the magistrate courts can be attributed to civil proceedings, as it was regulated by the Charter of Civil Procedure. Hearing of civil cases in the magistrates' courts had its own characteristics in comparison to the general civil proceedings. These include simplified, compared to the conventional, order of legal proceedings and division of decision on final and inconclusive.

Keywords: 

court, magistrates courts, judicial reform, legal proceedings, civil cases, trial, judicial instance, Russian Empire.

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