In the present article author deals with problems, arising from the use of rules of limitation in the vindication of objects by the arbitration courts. Particular attention is paid to the determination of the initial moment of the limitation period, when real estate is reclaimed from others unlawful possession. Author notes, that there is some uncertainty, due to the beginning of term from the statute of limitations to claim vindication. The difficult is due to the fact that for the time of search of the lost (stolen) things the owner cannot apply to the court for protection of violated rights, because the defendant, whose actions violated authority ownership, personally is not defined. At the same time the fact of the expiry of the limitation period is a separate ground for refusal in the lawsuit, in which case any of the other arguments in support of the declaration of the claim are not subject to review. Consequently, there is a question of how to define the starting point of the limitation period, when the owner was aware of the disposal of its ownership of certain things, but could not determine exactly who owns his thing, and to whom you must bring vindication requirement. Author analyzes existing legal acts, legal position of the judiciary branches. Author also examines views of Russian jurists. Author concludes that the moment of the period of limitation for the vindication of the claim has to be determined from the date, when the claimant knew of actual disposal of things from his possession, or when he found about the ground for challenging the registration of the property rights of the defendant.
Rei vindicatio, limitation period, real estate, civil code, requirements, law, Russia, Russian Federation.