Definition And Realization Of The Priorities Features Of Public Prosecutor's Activity In The Sphere Of Rights And Freedoms Of The Man And Citizen Observance

Journal Issue:

Author Information: 

 

  • Vladimir G. Bessarabov - Doctor of Laws, Professor of the Academy of the General Prosecutor of the Russian Federation;
  • Nadezhda A. Igonina - Doctor of Philosophy (Law), Head of the Department at the Scientific Research Institute of the Academy of the Prosecutor General's Office of the Russian Federation;
  • Tatyana V. Ashitkova - Doctor of Philosophy (Law), Leading Researcher of the Department at the Scientific Research Institute of the Academy of the Prosecutor General's Office of the Russian Federation
Abstract: 

In the present article the notion of "priorities of the prosecution" are defined, its value for the sphere of human rights and freedoms of man and citizen are stated. The classification of priorities, which is based on the provisions of the Russian Constitution and international law are stated. According to the authors, under the primary protection are the personal rights, which are derived from a natural person's status, inherent from birth. Next in order of priority are political rights, ensuring the full participation of citizens in the political life of the country, and finally - human rights in the socio-economic and cultural spheres, to guarantee the freedom of personal development and decent standards of living. Due to the authors` opinion, prosecutors in the allocation of the most important goals and objectives of its activities are guided by objective factors such as the analysis of the state of law, connection of the situation in this sphere of legal relations with the maintenance of stability and balance in the society, human rights functions, country's leadership and guidance of the General Prosecutor of the Russian Federation. The article shows, that the choice of priorities in the public prosecutor's activity, including the field of human rights and freedoms of man and citizen is a complex multi-faceted process, which affects the international situation, the internal processes, occurring in the country, including natural and man-made emergencies and a number of other factors. Authors identify issues that, in their opinion, should be addressed to improve the effectiveness of prosecutorial activities. That is the further development of the law about the Prosecutor's Office and the consolidation of its legal position, including constitutional status. Conclusions and suggestions are based on the authors' theoretical positions, made by the Russian jurists, as well as according their own empirical researches.

Keywords: 

prosecutor's office, priorities, rights and freedoms of man and citizen, constitutional state, public prosecutor's supervision, Russia, Russian Federation.

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