Discussion On The Content Of The Concept "Legal Tradition" In The Russian Jurisprudence

Journal Issue:

Author Information: 

Doctor of Laws; Doctor of Philosophy (History); Professor; Head of the Department of International Law at the Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia

Abstract: 

The article is devoted to the analysis of current debates on the content of the concept of "legal tradition", it identifies the main issues of discussion around which is carried scientific debates. There is an analysis of the significance of the legal tradition in the sustainable development of public-legal institutions in Russia. It is shown that serious legal traditions differ from the legal customs by dispositivity and conscious, maintenance of the existing rules of conduct, which is consistent with the proper and fair. The article examines problem of changes in the legal traditions of each generation of the new inclusion of substantive aspects and forms. Discussion points borrowing opportunities in Russia, the Western tradition of law were disclosed. The article analyzes "positive" and "negative" Russian legal tradition, reveals the problems of combining national legal traditions and the existing international legal standards. Author's definition of the legal tradition is backed by various examples that characterize the Russian legal tradition. In the conclusion, author concludes that the issue of legal tradition cannot be solved uniquely for a number of reasons, among which the main ones are the continuous development of the existing traditions, introduced in each generation of its ideas about the proper and fair, and the inability to determine the precise criteria manifestations legal traditions. However, this category is extremely important for the understanding of the national legal system and legal culture. The best, in our opinion, is to determine the legal tradition as a set of consciously supported by society, and sometimes government agencies, legal attitudes and values, which are manifested in daily life and can play as an innovative and moderating role.

Keywords: 

legal tradition, legal custom, stability of development, sociocultural experience, legal culture, history of law, loan, international legal standards.

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