Институт государственного управления: политический и социальный характер

Journal Issue:

Abstract: 

The problem of constructing an optimal system of public administration in the context of the ongoing legal reforms in modern Russia is very important. The solution is based on scientific understanding of the constitutive experience (domestic and foreign), the new social realities avoided certain subjective strains in the institutional structuring of the system. In the scientific literature, there is still no clarity in the relationship between the concepts of "power" and "control" in the system of social relations. The uncertainty of understanding the phenomenon of power has drawn attention by Mr. Bentham. It has long been a concept associated with the concepts of force, violence, domination (the "great power" - the political power as "the organized power of one class for oppressing another"). In particular, the government in general and broad sense is the domination of one over the other or others. With this understanding of the state power was perceived, and is perceived now as a Damocles sword hanging over humanity, the essence of this concept is reduced to a voluntarism force that produced a psychic phenomenon, as the feeling of fear of politician, and the word "power" is perceived as something repulsive.

Keywords: 

public administration, power, human rights, social management, people /nation, democracy, constitutional state.

REFERENCES: 

[1] Andreev D., Bordyugov G. Prostranstvo vlasti ot Vladimira Svyatogo do Vladimira Putina. M. – SPb., 2004. S. 7.
[2] Atamanchuk G.V. Gosudarstvennoe upravlenie: problemy me¬todologii pravovogo issledovaniya. M.: Yuridicheskaya li¬teratura, 1975.
[3] Atamanchuk G.V. Sushhnost' sovetskogo gosudarstvennogo up¬ravleniya. M.: Yuridicheskaya literatura, 1980.
[4] Afanas'ev V.G. Nauchnoe upravlenie obshhestvom (opyt sis¬temnogo issledovaniya). Izd. 2-e, dop. M.: Politizdat, 1973; On zhe. Chelovek v upravlenii obshhestvom. M.: Politizdat, 1977.
[5] Afanas'ev V.G. Obshhestvo: sistemnost', poznanie i uprav¬lenie. M.: Politizdat, 1981.
[6] Barabashev G.V., Sheremet K.F. Sovetskoe stroitel'stvo. 2-e izd. M.: Yuridicheskaya literatura, 1981.
[7] Voroshilov N. Kriticheskij obzor ucheniya o razdelenii vlastej. Yaroslavl', 1871. S. 21, 435.
[8] Grudcyna L.Yu. Problemy innovacionnogo upravleniya uchrezhdeniyami vysshego professional'nogo obrazovaniya // Obrazovanie i pravo. 2011. № 7(23).
[9] Grudcyna L.Yu. Proekt Federal'nogo zakona «Ob obrazovanii v Rossijskoj Federacii» trudnochitaem i trudnoispolnim // E'konomika i pravo. XXI vek. 2011. № 2.
[10] Dyugi L. Konstitucionnoe pravo. Obshhaya teoriya gosudarstva / Per. s franc. M., 1908. S. 447, 450, 451.
[11] Ellinek G. Obshhee uchenie o gosudarstve / Per. s nem. SPb., 1903. S. 329.
[12] Zavalunov A.Z. Pravovye osnovy gosudarstvennogo kontrolya v sfere ispolnitel'noj vlasti: Diss. … kand. yurid. nauk. M., 2009. S. 25.
[13] Klimko M.I. Kontrol' v sisteme sovetskogo gosudarstvennogo upravleniya: Diss. … kand. yurid. nauk. M., 1985. S. 28.
[14] Kovalevskij M. Ot pryamogo narodopravstva k predstavitel'nomu i ot patriarxal'noj monarxii k parlamentarizmu. T. 3. M., 1906. S. 89, 147, 164.
[15] Labule' E'. Istoriya Soedinennyx Shtatov / Per. s franc. SPb., 1870. S. 229.
[16] Lenin V.I. Pervonachal'nyj variant stat'i «Ocherednye zadachi Sovetskoj vlasti» // Poln. sobr. soch. T. 36. S. 133.
[17] Mixajlovskaya I. Konstitucionnoe zakreplenie prav i svobod lichnosti: vzglyad izvne // Konstitucionnoe pravo: vostochno-evropejskoe obozrenie. 1998. № 2. S. 37.
[18] Ocherki konstitucionnogo prava inostrannyx gosudarstv / Pod red. D.A. Kovacheva. M., 1999. S. 222.
[19] Pokrovskij P. Bentam i ego vremya. Pg., 1916. S. 359.
[20] Salishheva N.G. Administrativnyj process v SSSR. M., 1964. S. 56–58.
[21] Sm.: Baxrax D.N. Osnovnye ponyatiya teorii social'nogo uprav¬leniya: Uchebnoe posobie po speckursu. Perm': Permskij universitet, 1978.
[22] Studenikina M.S. Gosudarstvennyj kontrol' v sfere uprav¬leniya (Problemy nadvedomstvennogo kontrolya). M.: Yuridicheskaya literatura, 1974.
[23] Tixomirov Yu.A. Vlast' i upravlenie v socialisticheskom obshhestve. M., 1968. S. 38.
[24] Tixomirov Yu.A. Mexanizm upravleniya v razvitom socialis¬ticheskom obshhestve. M.: Nauka, 1978.
[25] Tixomirov Yu.A. Pravo i social'noe upravlenie v razvitom socialisticheskom obshhestve. M.: Mysl', 1978.
[26] Tixomirov Yu.A. Teoriya kompetencii. M., 2001.
[27] Tixomirov Yu.A. Upravlenie na osnove prava. M., 2007.
[28] Chernobel' G.T. Institucional'naya determinanta sistemy gosudarstvennogo upravleniya // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. 2008. № 4.
[29] E'konomicheskaya kibernetika: Uchebnoe posobie / Otv. red. I.M. Syroezhin. L.: LFE'I, 1976. Ch. 4. S. 51.